Queretaro At a Glance
The city of Queretaro is a treasure expecting to be discovered. Beneath its sober cheerfulness and behind the natural charm of its landscape, this city offers monumental jewels of the interesting and glorious history of Mexico . Besides its cultural ambiance full of legends and traditions, the lively city of Queretaro features plenty of attractions for all those who enjoy dancing, listening to music and delighting in the delicious regional gastronomy. You will experience unforgettable moments on its famous "callejoneadas" (street parades), packed with musical student bands and groups of strolling minstrels.
Queretaro combines the past with the present, creating an incomparable mixture of history, culture and tradition. The cobblestones streets of its historic center contrast with the modern highways that give access to the city; the fascinating monuments and wonderful museums stand out among the modern architecture of the theater and the largeness of the Corregidora Stadium; on the other hand, the stunning aqueduct and the camphor trees, silent witness of the passing of time, give shade to this beautiful city.
The traditional and unique dishes typical from Queretaro , captivate even the most demanding palates. The interesting combination of architectural styles, the cool weather, the kindness of its people, the sound of the huapango music and the sensation provided by the flower-carpeted streets during the summer, will transport you in time showing you the splendid grandeur of the Mexican culture.
According to the legend, this beautiful city, declared as Cultural Heritage by the UNESCO, was born under divine protection. Its foundation is popularly known as a miracle, which gives its people a magical touch that you will perceive as soon as you arrive to Queretaro .
A Rich History
On July 25th 1531, the Conqueror Army and the Chichimeca Army arranged to meet on the Sangremal Mountain, where an unprecedented battle took place, fighting hand-to-hand using nothing but their fists as weapons. The legend tells that a solar eclipse darkened the day, appearing a shining cross in the sky followed by the apostle Santiago (James), ending the battle and bending the infidels into Christianity. It was then when Santiago de Queretaro was born as a community, becoming eventually one of the most important Mexican cities, cradle of the history and culture of the Mexican people.
In 1848, the city of Queretaro turned into the temporary capital of Mexico, and it was the place where final decisions were taken to put an end to the war against the United States. After a few years, during the French intervention (1864-1867), Queretaro witnessed the republican victory when the Emperor of Mexico, Maximilian of Habsburg, along with the most important conservative generals, were executed on June 19th 1867 on the Cerro de las Campanas (Bells Mountain), putting an end to the Second Mexican Empire.
In the beginning of the 19th Century, the city of Queretaro served as headquarters for the activities leaded by the revolutionaries who sought National Independence; the city was also the meeting spot for historic characters such as Epigmeo and Emeterio Gonzalez brothers as well as Josefa Ortiz de Dominguez, wife of the Corregidor Manuel Dominguez. It was inside the majestic Teatro Iturbide, currently named Teatro de la Republica, where was promulgated the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States (official name of Mexico ) on February 5th 1917 .
Queretaro has always been an important traditional location in the country. Get to know more about the history of this special city full of mysticism and legends. Come and enjoy Queretaro !